What is Typhoid Fever?
Typhoid fever is a bacterial infection prevalent in countries with warm climates and poor sanitary conditions. Its usually spread through contaminated food, water or other beverages or either person to person. Typhoid fever is characterized by high fever, headache, tiredness, loss of appetite and dizziness. Other symptoms include abdominal pain, nausea, chills and constipation or diarrhea.
Countries of Risk:
Typhoid fever is common in many developing countries of Africa, Asia, the Middle East, the Caribbean and Central and South America.
Preparations for Travel to Risk Areas & Recommended Immunizations:
Vaccination is available in oral form (series should be completed at least one week before departing for optimum protection) or by injection (should be completed at least two weeks before departure). Whether you are vaccinated or not, it is important to follow food and water precautions since the vaccine in only 55-70% effective in preventing illness.